Historical Contradictions Enigmas Greek Herodotus Archaeology Naucratis Egypt Dry Canopic Branch Nile River Submerged Ruins Heraklion Menouthis Ancient Ports of Egypt Iron Age When Founded Sais Rosetta Branch Nile Delta Anarchy Rebuilding Ipuwer Papyrus Drought Disasters New Kingdom Climatic Geographic Adjustments Migrations Biblical Ice Age Civilizations

As the Persians of king Cambyses were bearing down on ancient Egypt circa 600 B.C., the egyptian leader Amasis had awarded the inland port city on the most western Canopic branch of the Nile, 50 miles from the sea, to the Greeks, the previously small river town which then became Naucratis, a key trade emporium for the powerful mediterranean naval juggernaut from the city states of the Aegean region, however, awarded that delta river town on a branch of the Nile which would become just a trickle by the time Alexander the Great had established his mediterranean coast port city Alexandria, twenty miles to the west of the mouth of that Canopic Branch, with the ruins of Naucratis “upstream,” abandoned when it had become no longer navigable by 400 B.C.

Herodotus was mistaken when he wrote that Naucratis had always been Egypt’s greatest port city, for even at his time, circa 450 B.C., the delta city Sais, on the Rosetta branch of the Nile east of the Canopic, was the biggest port city on the Mediterranean of Egypt, and since Herodotus didn’t even mention the huge port cities now submerged at the mouth of the Canopic branch, in Abu Kir Bay, east of Alexandria, of Menouthis and Heraklion, it’s clear that those cities were indeed submerged long before Herodotus traveled to Egypt, where the only town in the vicinity at the time of Herodotus and later Alexander was Canopus, with one temple there dedicated to Hercules and a small population dependent on fishing, where Alexander would then build his city which supplanted Sais as Egypt’s biggest Mediterranean port for international commerce.

A thousand years before the Greeks turned the sleepy riverport town on the dwindling Canopic branch into Naucratis, the Nile flowed with much greater volume, almost lapping at the paws of the Sphinx at the apex of the Delta at Giza near Memphis, when ancient Heraklion and Menouthis, downstream at the mouth of the Canopic branch, were the port cities during the so-called bronze age, but when the river’s flow began to decrease, the sea level paradoxically rose, actually because the Ice Age had begun to end, can you believe it, circa 1500 B.C.?  The reduction of the flow of the Nile is confirmed with the Ipuwer Papyrus from circa 1400 B.C., at the time of the jewish Exodus, catastrophic dessication which forever altered Egypt, forcing the so-called New Kingdom, when Sais was established as the new port city because Heraklion and Menouthis had been consumed by the sea, http://genesisveracityfoundation.com.

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